The International Union for Conservation of Nature the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it classifies the giraffe as “Vulnerable”. Efforts are needed to ensure the species’ survival in the future. There are 9 subspecies of giraffe and several of these are rare and under threat. For example, the Rothschild giraffe is the rarest subspecies of giraffe found in East Africa with only 400 remaining. The Rothschild Giraffe are found in savannahs, grasslands and open woodlands of Uganda and Kenya and as all giraffe do, face many challenges in their natural environment such as of loss of habitat and habitat degradation.
African Lion Safari has maintained Rothschild giraffe for over 30 years. Giraffe however, are slow to reproduce because of their long gestation period. Development of a successful breeding program and a full understanding of giraffe reproductive physiology therefore, requires a long term commitment.We have been active in the investigation of the reproductive physiology of giraffes and the development of breeding strategies that will assist in maintaining the health and genetic diversity of both captive and wild populations of the Rothschild Giraffe.
The unique body shape and size of the giraffe present challenges in the ability to perform husbandry and medical procedures. African Lion Safari has developed a management program that allows us to handle giraffe safely and efficiently. This program has allowed African Lion Safari to gather valuable information on giraffe reproductive physiology while maintaining our giraffe in optimum health and condition.
The regular collection of blood and fecal samples for hormone analysis and the performance of ultrasound examinations has enabled African Lion Safari to gather and correlate data with direct observation. Through these procedures decisions and predictions regarding reproduction can be made to improve success.
As well as improving reproductive viability and easier access for assisted reproduction techniques and procedures our giraffe management program has given us opportunities to monitor pregnancies via ultrasound and hormone analysis. As a result of African Lion Safari’s giraffe management program we have continued to be very successful in the management and conservation of the Rothschild giraffe.