Asian elephant

  • Smaller ears
  • High domed forehead
  • Arched back
  • Only males have long ivory tusks
  • Females have shorter version of ivory known as tushes
  • 5 toenails on the front and 4 on the back

African savanna elephant

  • Larger ears shaped like the continent of Africa
  • Rounded heads
  • Tusks are curved outward
  • Both males and females can have tusks
  • 4 toenails on their front feet and 3 on the back

African forest elephant

  • Overall smaller
  • Rounder ears
  • Tusk are straighter and point downward